Elie Nadelman was born in Warsaw, Poland on 20 February 1882. He studied at the Warsaw School of Fine Arts, before moving to Munich, where he won second prize in a drawing competition. The prize money allowed him to move to Paris in 1904, where he remained until 1914, taking a studio in Montparnasse. He studied at the Académie Colarossi, and exhibited at the Salon d’Automne (1905, 1906 and 1912) and the Salon des indépendants (1907 and 1913). In Paris, Nadelman met Leo and Gertrude Stein, Picasso and Brancusi; he had his first solo exhibition at the Galerie Druet in 1909. He co-founded the Society of Polish Artists in 1912 (dissolved 1924). At the onset of the First World War in 1914, Nadelman left for New York, where he exhibited widely - his first solo show at Stieglitz's gallery in 1915 was highly successful - and took on American nationality in 1927. Nadelman was ruined financially by the 1929 stock market crash and his work became more personal as a result; much of it was accidentally destroyed in 1935. By this time, he lived as a virtual recluse, though he taught ceramics and modeling during the Second World War. Elie Nadelman developed a heart condition in 1945 and committed suicide in New York, USA on 28 December 1946. A major exhibition of his work was held at MoMA, New York, in 1948.